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WATER QUALITY EFFECT ON CONCRETE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH: 

OGUNPA STREAM WATER CASE STUDY

Gbenga Matthew AYININUOLA

References

Al-Harthy, A.S., Taha, R., Abu-Ashair, J., Al-Jabri, K. and Al-Oraimi, S. (2005) Effect of water quality on the strength of flowable fill mixtures, American Concrete Institute Cement and  Concrete Research, 27(1):  33 - 39.

Al-Manaseer, A.A., Haug, M.D. and Nasser, K.W. (1988) Compressive strength of concrete containing fly ash, brine and admixture, American Concrete Institute, Material Journal,  85(2): 109 116.

Building Research Station (1956) Analysis of water encountered in construction, Digest, No. 90,  HMSO, London.

BS 1881: Part 108 (1983): Method for making test cubes from fresh concrete, British Standard Institute, London.

BS 1881: Part 116 (1983): Method for determination of compressive strength of         concrete, British Standard Institute, London.

Chatveera, B., Lerwattanaruk, P. and Makul, N. (2006) Effect of sludge water from ready-mixed concrete plant on properties and durability of concrete, Elsevier, Cement and Concrete Composities,  28(5):441 450.

Doell, B.C. (1954) Effect of algae infested water on the strength of concrete, American Concrete Institute, Proceedings,  51: 333 342.

Ghorab, H.Y., Hilal, M.S. and Kishar, E.A. (1989) Effect of mixing and curing waters on the behaviour of cement pastes and concrete. Part I :   microstructure of cement pastes, American Concrete Institute Cement and  Concrete Research, 19(6):  868 878.

Islam, S. and Kaushik, S.K. (1995) Suitability of seawater for mixing structural concrete exposed to marine environment, American Concrete Institute Cement and  Concrete Research, 17(3):  177 - 185.

Kumur, S. (2000) Influence of water quality on the strength of plain and blended concretes in marine environments, American Concrete Institute Cement and  Concrete Research, 30(3):  345 350.

Lea, F.M. (1956) The chemistry of cement and concrete, Arnold, London.

McCoy, W.J. (1956) Water for mixing and curing concrete, ASTM, Special Technical Publication, 169: 355 360.

McCoy, W.J. (1978) Mixing and curing water for concrete, ASTM, Special Technical Publication, 169: 765 773.

Mohammed, T.U., Hamada, H. and Yamaji, T. (2004) Performance of seawater-mixed concrete in the tidal environment, American Concrete Institute Cement and  Concrete Research, 34(4):  593 - 601.

Neville, A.M. (1996): Properties of concrete, 4th Edition, ELBS Longman London, 1 - 50.

Portland Cement Association (2005) Http//www.cement.org

Steinour, H.H. (1960) Concrete mix water how pure it can be? Journal  Portland Cement Association, Research and Development Laboratories, 3, (3): 32 50.

Su, N., Miao, B. and Liu, F. (2002) Effect of wash water and underground water on properties of concrete, American Concrete Institute Cement and Concrete Research, 32(5): 777 - 782.

Thomas, K. and Lisk, W.E.A. (1970) Effect of sea water from tropics areas on  setting times of cements, Materials and Structures, 3(14): 101 1-5.

U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (1975) Concrete manual, 8th Edition.

 

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Last updated on Thursday November 29, 2012